Since taking power in May 2018, the newly formed government has announced a slew of policy changes that will impact developments in Iskandar Malaysia. We analyse the impact of its policy changes in Iskandar Malaysia and how they may affect you as a consumer.
By Khalil Adis
Take a drive around Iskandar Puteri, Danga Bay and Johor Bahru and one cannot help but notice the rapidly changing skyline at this Malaysian state bordering Singapore.
Once seen as a buyers’ beware market, Johor has since 2008 rebranded itself as an up and coming economic zone called Iskandar Malaysia which is meant to complement the Lion City.
For a while, Singaporeans were afraid of buying Johor properties due to the many horror stories reported in the local press.
However, interest surged in 2010 after Singapore and Malaysia agreed to a land swap deal which led to Temasek Holdings and CapitaLand investing in Danga Bay and Medini respectively.
The warming bilateral relations, coupled with HDB flats hitting the million dollar mark, saw properties in Iskandar Malaysia being snapped up like hotcakes.
However, in the subsequent years, the entry of Chinese property developers like Country Garden, R&F and Greenland raised alarms of a potential oversupply as they appear to be building townships by the thousands.
Perhaps, more pronounced, is the development of the controversial Forest City project.
The project sparked concerns of environmental damage and land encroachment leading to an official protest from Singapore.
As a result, interests in Iskandar Malaysia started to wane as Singaporeans steered clear from the property market.
Here are the five impacts post GE-14:
Impact 1: No more foreigner only enclave
Forest City is currently one of the mega projects under review by the Pakatan Harapan government.
Although Forest City is a relatively new entry to the property market, it was granted a special economic zone status much like Medini.
This confused the public while many local developers were reportedly not very happy about it.
For example, it was not subjected to build a specified number of low-cost homes or to allocate a certain percentage of its development for bumiputras.
In addition, there are no caps on foreign ownership but with a minimum price threshold at RM500,000 per strata unit for foreigners.
It was also granted a duty-free zone where buyers will automatically be eligible for the Malaysian My Second Home (MM2H) programme.
This programme enables foreigners to enjoy a long-stay visa of up to 10 years.
However, as of September 2018, MM2H will no longer be granted automatically.
In addition, the federal government has said a foreigner-only township is no longer allowed.
As it stands, the current entry price for a condominium here averages RM1,400 per sq ft which is way beyond what the locals can afford.
For now, the developer is required to build affordable homes for locals.
Meanwhile, the minimum purchase price for a foreigner has been reverted to RM 1 million per strata unit.
The only thing that remains is its duty-free zone status.
Impact 2: Longer development period for Gerbang Nusajaya and Iskandar Puteri
This follows the review of another major project which is the High Speed Rail project linking Singapore to Kuala Lumpur.
The project was initially cancelled and then postponed.
Full service for the line will commence before 1 January 2031.
The Iskandar Puteri station will be located close to Motorsports City near East Ledang in Gerbang Nusajaya.
In April 2015, Nusajaya’s master developer UEM Sunrise Berhad revealed its comprehensive development plans for Gerbang Nusajaya which will have its own CBD similar to Jurong Lake District.
Spread across 4,551 acres of land, this second phase of Nusajaya’s development will be designed with catalytic industries similar to the various economic drivers in Nusajaya and Medini.
In anticipation for the High Speed Rail terminus in Gerbang Nusajaya, a number of catalytic developments have been planned.
They include Nusajaya Tech Park, a 519-acre integrated eco-friendly tech park and FASTrack Iskandar which is a 300-acre ‘motorsports city’.
Gerbang Nusajaya will have a gross development value of RM42 billion and with an estimated 220,000 population upon its completion
However, now that the project has been suspended, it will take a longer period for Gerbang Nusajaya, Iskandar Puteri and Medini to experience the expected spillover impact from the High Speed Rail project.
Impact 3: Opportunity costs to be passed on to consumers
With the delay of the High Speed Rail project, it may even result on the opportunity cost from developers to be passed on to consumers.
As such, new launches will likely be priced higher.
Developers who are banking on the project will be affected.
Impact 4: Correction of prices in the property market
The postponement of the projects plus investors sentiments on the perceived oversupply situation have impacted the market.
In fact, there is currently a glut in the housing sector in Johor.
According to data from the National Housing and Information Centre (NAPIC), Johor has the second highest number of supply of homes in the first quarter of 2018 - 795,363 units.
In comparison, Kuala Lumpur trails third with 471,475 units.
With the High Speed Rail project as the only property booster at the moment, the property market in Iskandar Malaysia is expected to be muted, moving forward.
This will likely impact the prices for current homes
For example, the median condominium prices in Iskandar Puteri and Medini were RM900 per sq ft and RM700 per sg ft respectively in 2015 since we first started tracking data based on our on the ground survey.
However, the latest data from Brickz showed that the median prices have now corrected to RM515 per sq ft and RM542 per sq ft in Iskandar Puteri and Medini respectively.
Likewise, the median condominium prices in Johor Bahru and Danga Bay were RM1,000 per sq ft and RM1,200 per sq ft respectively in 2016.
However, the latest data from Brickz showed that the median prices have now corrected to RM662 per sq ft and RM863 per sq ft in Johor Bahru and Danga Bay respectively.
Impact 5: Iskandar Halal Park and Pengerang Rapid project still ongoing
Iskandar Halal Park and the Pengerang Rapid project were spared from the policy changes.
Iskandar Halal Park is part of the state government’s effort to promote entrepreneurship in Johor.
Recently, Iskandar Halal Park scored a major coup among when US based-company, Chocolat Moderne from New York, picked Iskandar Halal Park as the manufacturing site to set up its first business in Asia.
Meanwhile, the Pengerang Rapid project, with a gross development value of RM70 billion, was affected by the slowdown in the oil and gass sectors.
While both projects were spared from major reviews, there has also been a price correction for residential homes located in the Eastern Gate which spans from Pasir Gudang to Pengerang.
For example, the median housing prices in Permas Jaya and Pasir Gudang were RM300 per sq ft and RM450 per sq ft respectively in 2016.
However, the latest data from Brickz showed that the median prices have now corrected to RM272 per sq ft and RM329 per sq ft in Permas Jaya and Pasir Gudang respectively.
Only Pengerang recorded a price increase from RM80 per sq ft in 2016 to RM236 per sq ft in 2018.
One Bukit Senyum is a mixed development which comprises twin towers of service apartments (The Astaka @ One Bukit Senyum), as well as phase two of One Bukit Senyum, which comprises of a shopping mall, grade A office tower, five-star hotel, Johor Bahru City Council’s headquarters, serviced apartments and residences. Photo: Astaka Holdings Limited
Conferment of One Bukit Senyum expected to play a key role in Johor’s transformation into a burgeoning metropolis of Malaysia
By Khalil Adis
Iskandar Malaysia’s property market received an added boost with the announcement by Astaka Holdings Limited that it has been granted node status by Malaysia’s Ministry of Finance and Iskandar Regional Development Authority (IRDA).
Located in Flagship A of Iskandar Malaysia, the node status refers to a designated area where the developer and promoted businesses can enjoy tax incentives.
“The node status accords Phase 2 of the project full income-tax exemption on proceeds from the sale and income derived from the leasing of all non-residential buildings,” said Singapore-listed Astaka Holdings Limited in a statement.
One Bukit Senyum is an upcoming RM5.4 billion administrative and commercial hub spanning 11.85 acres.
Phase 2 of One Bukit Senyum will include the new headquarters of the Johor Bahru City Council, a five-star hotel, serviced apartments and a premium shopping mall.
It will also come with branded residences and serviced residences.
“We are honoured that One Bukit Senyum has been awarded node status. This underscores the significance of our project and the trust that the Malaysian federal government and Johor state government have in Astaka,” said Astaka’s executive director and chief executive officer Dato’ Zamani bin Kasim.
“Landmark developments such as One Bukit Senyum, that is in Johor Bahru City Centre or Flagship A of Iskandar Malaysia, will attract new investments that in turn, create job and business opportunities for the rakyat. This development will also contribute to efforts to enhance Johor Bahru’s standing as one of the leading growth centres to spur the nation’s drive towards becoming a high-income nation.” said Datuk Ismail Ibrahim, chief executive of IRDA.
Astaka Holdings Limited is an award-winning property developer.
In 2015, it won Best Condo Development (Malaysia) at the Southeast Asia Property Awards (Malaysia).
A study conducted by a researcher at ISEAS – Yusof Ishak Institute shows that the mega project in Iskandar Malaysia has negative effects ranging from ecological damage to environmental pollution.
By Khalil Adis
The controversial Forest City project appears to have adverse effects on the local community which include reduced fishing income, increased navigational dangers, more shallow and polluted waterways, noise and dust pollution, and dangers from speeding contractors’ and construction heavy vehicles.
This is according to a finding released on 22 June by ISEAS – Yusof Ishak Institute.
The ambitious 3,425 acres project spanning four different islands has been billed by the developer, Country Garden, as “a role model of a sustainable city smart city well ahead of its time”.
However, the Singapore-based research institute’s study shows otherwise highlighting habitat damage and mass fish death, as among the biggest issues.
Titled ‘The Socio-Cultural Impacts of Forest City’, the study was conducted by Serina Rahman, a visiting fellow under the Malaysia Programme.
According to the study, Forest City “is having a major impact on its neighbouring community, Mukim Tanjung Kupang”.
The study is based on the researcher’s extended fieldwork and total immersion in the villages around the Forest City development between 2008 and 2017.
Forest City is a mixed-use development project by Country Garden Pacific View (CGPV), a joint venture between Country Garden Group and Iskandar Esplanade Danga 88 Sdn Bhd.
Located off the Straits of Johor and within view from the Tuas Second Link, Forest City first gained attention sometime in 2014 when local fishermen had complained that it was affecting their livelihood, especially since it is located very near to the delicate Ramsar site.
However, it was Singapore’s official protest and clout on the international stage that finally brought the project to a grinding halt.
“Given Johor’s close proximity to Singapore, we are naturally concerned about any possible transboundary impacts on Singapore from property development projects that involve reclamation works in the Straits of Johor. There are also international obligations for both Malaysia and Singapore authorities to work closely on such matters. We have asked the Malaysian authorities to provide more information so that we can undertake a study as soon as possible on the impacts of these reclamation works on Singapore and the Straits,” the Ministry of Foreign Affairs said in a statement released on 21 June 2014.
The diplomatic spat attracted significant international attention and media coverage forcing both the state and federal governments to take action.
The federal government, via the Department of Environment (DOE), then intervened and asked the state government to comply with Malaysia’s commitment to international laws.
Following several diplomatic exchange, the project stopped work temporarily in June 2014.
This was after Singapore provided evidence at the Malaysia-Singapore Joint Commission on Environment in December 2014.
The DOE subsequently issued a letter to Country Garden to do a Detailed Environmental Impact Assessment (DEIA) Report.
Interestingly, this was done only after the project had commenced massive land reclamations, contravening international laws.
In January 2015, the DOE finally issued a report and set new limits on the developer reducing its size from 1,600 hectare to less than 405 hectare.
While this had resulted in a major revamp of the master plan (the initial plan appeared to show part of the island under the Second Link), the study shows the damage has already been done.
We dissect the study and list down its key findings:
#1 Livelihood of fishermen affected
One of the most adverse impact arising from the project is on the livelihood of the local population.
Mukim Tanjung Kupang, where Forest City is located at, comprises nine villages whose inhabitants are mainly fishermen.
Of this, 250 are registered fishermen while many aren’t.
“Many others in the community depend on gleaning in the mangroves, mudflats and intertidal seagrass for their daily meals. These are the fishermen (and women) who are greatly dependent on the natural habitats for their subsistence and survival,” the study shows.
Additionally, the DEIA Report showed that the fishermen here earn an average household income figure of RM1,626.
This is based on the developer’s finding called ‘Forest City Detailed Environmental Impact Assessment’ report, after the DOE requested the developer to do so.
Citing a public dialogue in Kampung Pok that took place in September 2014, the study further mentioned a fisherman, Anuar Musa of Tg Kupang, who said that his income would be affected for the 30-year duration of the project.
Additionally, he had said that “no amount of money could compensate him for the shrinking catch that he was seeing ever since reclamation began.”
#2 Habitat damage and environmental pollution
Forest City is situated very close to the delicate mangroves area located at the Sungai Pulai Ramsar site.
Ramsar areas are recognised as wetland areas of international importance.
Measuring 9,126 hectare, Sungai Pulai was gazetted as a Ramsar site on 31 January 2003 and is the largest riverine mangrove system in Johor.
According to the study, some 2,000 acres of this site are now gone.
Instead, it will be converted into three golf courses designed by Jack Nicklaus and an accompanying resort complex.
During the public dialogue, other fishermen had reported on mass fish deaths in the area, providing clear evidence on habitat damage.
In addition, the clearing of mangroves and secondary forest and the building of the dispersal link have also generated dust and noise pollution.
“With access to these roads immediately in front of local villagers’ homes and shops, complaints about the dust have been rife. Houses are reportedly full of dust even when windows and doors are shut, and freshly laundered clothes hung out to dry come back covered in dust. Villagers on motorbikes and bicycles suffer from dust inhalation and particles in their eyes as they ride past these access areas. There have not been any studies or monitoring of local residents’ health issues as a result of the development. A few restaurants and food stalls close to the new dispersal link have shut down because of the pollution,” cites the study.
#3 Job displacement among locals
While the study did not mention how much their livelihood has been affected, the study suggests there is a possibility their income has been greatly reduced arising from the reported mass fish deaths.
“Some former fishermen take on other work to supplement reduced catch and increasing petrol costs, heading back to sea only when there is a guaranteed harvest. Most young men work in the port or in the private sector as lorry drivers, Rubber-Tyre Gantry (RTG) operators, factory workers, security guards, cleaners and other technical jobs,” the study says.
Local women are also affected.
“Several women supplement family incomes with online sales of cosmetics, baked goods and other items. Some in the community commute to Singapore for work in factories or as cleaners but usually for only short periods of time,” the study cites.
#4 Some fishermen received compensation, some did not
Additionally, according to a research paper titled ‘The Case of Forest City’ by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), “Country Garden was forced to treat those it stood to impact with more care and respect”.
This was after the DOE’s intervention and the release of the DEIA Report.
“It held several community engagement meetings and gathered input from villagers through a number of local workshops. In addition, a new law was passed that taxed developers for every square foot of reclaimed land and used the proceeds to create a fund for fishermen impacted by the reclamation works. Approximately $30 million was projected to be collected, including from projects already underway. The Johor chief minister championed the program as evidence that Johor was taking care of its fishermen,” MIT’s report cites.
ISEAS – Yusof Ishak Institute’s study concurs with this: “Since the stop-work order, there has been visible effort by CGPV staff to engage with the community. Several have proactively asked how else they might be able to support the villagers and meet their needs.”
However, it notes that only registered fishermen were eligible for compensation.
This compensation was only announced during the public dialogue where RM3 million was handed over from the developer to a group of community and fishermen’s representatives.
The first tranche disbursed was RM3,000 per fisherman with an additional RM1,000 given to those who owned boats.
This was paid soon after the public dialogue.
Subsequently, there were two other disbursements of between RM1,000 to RM3,000 each.
“The fishermen who were deemed eligible to receive these funds have been given about RM10,000 (S$3,200) each since the project began. Some of those without licenses but depended on fishing for their livelihoods were deemed ineligible for compensation,” the study cites.
According to the study, those awarded compensation were decided upon by the South Johor Fishermen’s Association and the head of each jetty.
However, many unregistered fishermen were unable to claim compensation as they, according to the study, “either fish for supplementary incomes or are unable to get fishing licences”.
“With fishing licences no longer being issued, this group of fisherfolk are not eligible for compensation, assistance or subsidised petrol,” the study shows.
#5 Compensations appear to be reserved for the select few
Following the DEIA Report, the developer also started offering various compensation packages for the betterment of the community including employment opportunities.
“Aeron Munajat, CGPV’s Head of Corporate Communications revealed that CGPV spent more than RM1 million in 2016 alone supporting school programmes, workshops and courses, as well as contributing to the South Johor Fishermen’s Association, among others,” says the study.
As part of the compensation package, the DEIA Report had recommended that a ratio of at least 30 per cent be set aside for locally sourced employees.
However, not everyone has equal access to these compensations.
“The developer and the project’s proponents’ compensation and local employment efforts have not always reached those who need them most as opportunities are often reserved for the well-connected or appointed village representatives. Other local applicants often lack relevant work experience and face language and cultural barriers,” the study cites.
Additionally, the study shows that many villagers do not seem to be aware of the opportunities available.
The study notes the following: “Those who proactively asked for jobs were reportedly discouraged by middlemen and agents. Several have complained that opportunities to sell goods to construction workers (within and just outside their quarters) have gone to vendors from outside the community.”
Employment opportunities also come in the form of setting up shops.
Again, this proves to be problematic.
“Others comment that they cannot afford to pay the ‘rental’ rates imposed on those who take up stall spaces,” the study cites.
The study also conducted a survey among unemployed residents who have no political or family connections.
It said that while many were keen to find work in Forest City, the local villagers experienced a clash of cultures between local and Chinese customs, even among the local Chinese.
“Language barriers are often the primary obstacle for the villagers, with many being unable to speak English and even fewer able to speak Mandarin. Even local Chinese villagers have commented that while their children are able to get jobs in the project because of their ability to speak Mandarin, they do experience a great difference in language, work styles and attitudes between mainland and local Chinese,” the study says.
Not all is bad
Nevertheless, the study notes one positive outcome from Forest City.
“Positive feedback on the development does exist, with some shopkeepers reporting better business given increased numbers of people (whether workers, contractors or visitors) to the area. This is corroborated by the number of small businesses that has been set up around the contractors’ quarters’ entrance in Tanjung Kupang. These range from makeshift food and drinks stalls to grocery shops and suppliers of services. There are also a few new hardware supply stores in the vicinity,” the study cites.
With the project now in full swing, the study suggests the only way to move forward is for the relevant stakeholders to take steps to mitigate and reduce the negative impact on the local community so that they can also benefit from the Forest City project.
“The key to this are capable and credible expertise providing accurate information and the right advice, and the involvement of all levels of the community in deciding what they need and want, as well as ensuring that compensation offered and provided reaches those who need it the most,” the study concludes.
Market watchers were anticipating Iskandar Malaysia to fail. However, the economic development region has proven detractors wrong with these mind blowing facts
On 21 May, Johor’s Sultan Ibrahim Ibni Sultan Iskandar officiated the grand launch and the opening of sales gallery of Bukit Pelali at Pengerang, a 363-acre project that is Pengerang’s first strata township being developed by Johor-based Astaka Holdings Limited. Iskandar Malaysia, situated within Johor, is the most successful out of the five economic corridors in Malaysia. Photo: Astaka Padu
As Iskandar Malaysia surpasses its 10th year as of November 2016, it has continued to defy expectations with these five key achievements
By Khalil Adis
I recall covering Iskandar Malaysia when it was still very much in its early development stage sometime in 2008 as part of a special feature for Property Report.
Hosted by Iskandar Investment Berhad (IIB) and the Iskandar Regional Development Authority (IRDA), I had to wear rubber boots while government officials drove me around in a Land Rover over muddy roads as we cut through dense jungles and oil palm plantations in what is now known as Iskandar Puteri (then called Nusajaya) and Medini.
As we passed by what is now known as EduCity and Legoland I was blown away by the massive scale of Iskandar Malaysia’s development. It was, by far, the single largest development that I had covered when reporting on the ground.
As I headed back to Singapore to file my story, I called a few of my sources comprising analysts, and markets watchers on what they thought of this special economic zone.
“It will fail. Just look at Cyberjaya,” said one.
“Another white elephant project,” quipped another.
However, that all changed in 2011as bilateral ties between both countries started to warm .
That year witnessed Temasek Holdings announcing its investments in two sites in Medini, Iskandar Malaysia, now called Afiniti Medini and Avira.
This was followed with another S$3.2 billion worth of investment to build a township development on Danga A2 island in 2013.
As bilateral ties began to thaw, so did investors’ confidence.
At the peak of the market in 2011, Singaporeans were seen snapping up Iskandar Malaysia properties like hot cakes.
With the market now remaining somewhat muted and with concerns of oversupply, market watchers are again writing off Iskandar Malaysia.
Whether you like it or not, this “flash in the pan” has indeed come a long way. As Iskandar Malaysia celebrates its tenth year, we look back and list its five major achievements.
#1 RM227.67 billion in total cumulative committed investment as of 31 March 2017
Not bad. Not bad at all considering the federal had initially invested RM5.8 billion while the manufacturing sector contributed some RM5.5 billion during its initial phase in 2006. Since then, investment volumes have grown by leaps and bounds to reach RM227.67 billion as of 31 March 2017.
#2 Return of investment (ROI) of 3,825.34%
Now, let’s work on the ROI. With an initial investment from the federal government at RM5.8 billion in 2006 and a total cumulative committed investment of RM227.67 billion as of 31 March 2017 over a span of some 11.45 years, this works out to an investment gain of RM221.87 with an ROI of whopping 3,825.34 per cent! In terms of annualised ROI, this works out to 37.79 per cent. This pales in comparison to the paltry 1.0 per cent interest you get when you put your money in your Singapore bank account.
#3 The Chinese are coming in a big way with investments of RM24.61 billion
Bye-bye Singapore, hello China! Our tiny city-state no longer holds dominance as the single largest foreign investor in Iskandar Malaysia. In fact, for the past three years or so, China has been coming in droves and snapping up land parcels from Tanjung Pelepas all the way to Tebrau. The good - state government coffers stand to benefit which will have an indirect impact on Johoreans. The bad - concerns on the sustainability and the possibility of inducing price volatility in the property market once these mammoth projects are completed.
#4 61% of Iskandar Malaysia’s investments are by the domestic market
While some analysts have expressed concerns on the wave of Chinese investments and their potential repercussions, Iskandar Malaysia is still very much driven by domestic investments. Of the RM227.67 billion in total cumulative committed investment as of 31 March 2017, 61 per cent were driven by the domestic investments. This means, even if a foreign investor were to pull out (as in the case of Dubai’s Mubadala) or during a global economic crisis, Iskandar Malaysia can still hold out on its own due to its sheer domestic investment market size.
#5 56% investments worth RM138.61 billion have been realised as of 31 March 2017
Enjoy exploring LEGOLAND MALAYSIA or dining by the waterfront at Puteri Harbour? Perhaps some of you have even used your CPF Medisave for your medical treatment at Gleneagles Hospital Medini. Well, these completed projects that you see right now are just the tip of the iceberg. There’s still the remaining 44 per cent that has yet to come on-stream such as Motorsports City, Gerbang Nusajaya and of course the high-speed rail station. Once completed, all these will create around 257,100 additional jobs by 2030 in Iskandar Puteri, according to DTZ Research.
The key takeaway when investing in Iskandar Malaysia is this - you must be in for the long-haul in order to reap fully from your investment. It’s definitely not a market for those hoping to make a quick buck or for the cash-strapped.
An independent analysis from yours truly